II Środkowo Europejski Kongres Osteoporozy i Osteoartrozy oraz XIV Zjazd Polskiego Towarzystwa Osteoartrologii i Polskiej Fundacji Osteoporozy, Kraków 11-13.10.2007
Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2007, vol 9 (Suppl. 2), s160-161.
APPLICATION THE IOF’S ONE-MINUTE OSTEOPOROSIS RISK TEST IN SCREENING OF STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONAL CHANGE OF BONE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN
Povoroznyuk V. V., Dzerovych N. I.
Department of Clinical Physiology and Pathology of Locomotor Apparatus,
Institute of Gerontology AMSU, Vyshgorodskaya str. 67, Kiev, 04114, Ukraine
This research was aimed at proving validity of IOF’s One-Minute Osteoporosis Risk Test and evaluating the relation between structural-functional state of bone according to the ultrasound densitometry and results of IOF’s One-Minute Osteoporosis Risk Test for postmenopausal women.
Materials and methods
We’ve examined 147 postmenopausal women aged 50-69 years (mean age 59,8 ±0,7). Structural-functional state of bone was evaluated by means of an ultrasound bone densitometer (“Achilles+”). The speed of sound (SOS, m/s), broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, dB/MHz) and a calculated “Stiffness” index (SI, %), T and Z-range were measured. IOF’s One-Minute Osteoporosis Risk Test was translated into Ukrainian.
Significant correlation was found between positive answer to question 2 (“Have you broken a bone after a minor bump or fall?”) and SOS (r = -0,17; р = 0,042), BUA ( r = -0,28; р = 0,0005), SI (r = -0,25; р = 0,002), Z- range (r = -0,26; р = 0,015); between positive answer to question 3 (“Have you taken corticosteroid tablets for more than 3 months”) and SOS (r = -0,16; р = 0,047), BUA ( r = -0,29; р = 0,0003), SI (r = -0,21; р < 0,000001), and between positive answer to question 4 (“Have you lost more than 3 cm (just over 1 inch) in height?”) and the following indexes of structural-functional state of bone: SOS (r = -0,32; р < 0,00001), BUA ( r = -0,27; р = 0,00096), SI (r = – 0,36; р < 0,000001), Z- range (r = -0,27; р = 0,0015).
Application of IOF’s One-Minute Osteoporosis Risk Test gives an opportunity to determine structural-functional changes of bone. Among the test questions, the most reliable and informative as for postmenopausal women proved to be questions 2 (“Have you broken a bone after a minor bump or fall “), 3 (“Have you taken corticosteroid tablets for more than 3 months”) and 4 (“Have you lost more than 3 cm (just over 1 inch) in height?).